Map of Central Asia

Map of Central Asia

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

English to Pamiri Langauge (wakhi-Shugnuni) Dicionary


A
aIsh. wak, wok; Zb. wok, -e.
adze,Ish. petkhun; W. waják..
after,Zb. ci-pusht.
again,Zb. do-mas.
alas,Zb. afsus.
alive,Zb. zinda.
all, entire,Ish. dzigdak, gul; W. köskht; Zb. juk, saf. Cf. "complete".
always,Zb. mudam.
amongst,Ish. dárun, darún; Zb. ka . . . gal, tsa . . . maben. Cf. "midst.
and,Ish. za; Zb. i, wo.
anger,Ish. ghazab.
angry,Zb. khafa. .
animal's droppings,Ish. yarkh; W. pöshk.
any:at any time, Zb. hec wakht, kudam wakht; anyone, Zb. hec-ka; anything, Ish. he ciz.
apple,Ish. mind; W. mür.
apricot,Ish. tswend; W. cuwan.
arise:he arose, Ish. khut; I arise, Zb. khezum; stand thou up (impve.), khez; he arose, Zb. khet
armful,Ish. kash; W. pâz.
armpit,Ish. kash-vish; W. kalbun.
arrow,Ish. pucun; W. wuc.
as, as if, as though,Zb. guya-ke.
ashamed,Zb. sharmindi
ashes,Ish. usur; W. parg.
ask, he asked,Ish. frut; Zb. ferat.
ass, donkey,Ish. khur; W. Zb. khur.
assembled,Ish. gul.
awl,Ish. andervun; W. tsarz.
axe,Ish. tuwur; W. tipar; Zb. tewar.






B
back (of a man or woman),Ish. kamuk; W. dam; Zb. dam, med.
bad, wicked,Ish. W. Zb. shak.
bad tasting, bitter,Ish. trush; W. trüc.
baking-pan,Ish. usid; W. sât.
barley,Ish. urwuz; W. yirk.
be:Ish. thou art, -at; is, âst; he may be, wuni; I was, vud-im (or ? -um); thou wast, vud-at; he, she, or it was, vud; thou hast become, vuduk-at; Zb. thou art, astai; is, ast, -a, -ai, -et, -t; he was, wod-a; he was for me, wod-am-a.
beak,Ish. nul; W. nück.
bear (subst.),Ish. khurs; W. nághordum.
beard,Ish. Zb. vin; W. reghish.
beat,see "strike".
because,Zb. khe, tsiz-ba ke.
become:Ish. it becomes, shu; wilt thou become, shui; it will become, shu; (if) it become, shu; it may become, shu; I became, shud-im; he became,shud; she has become, shuduk; thou hast become, shuduk-at; Zb. I became, shom; it become, shuai, become (impve.), shu; I became, shud-em (or -im); he became, shud. See also "be". Cf. "go, move to".
bed,Ish. vish; W. pip.
beetle,Ish. batuk; W. urt.
before(place), in front of, Ish. sar dzâ; Zb. tsa . . . wula, ja.
behind,Zb. ci-pusht, ka . . . ci-pusht.
bell,Ish. zul; W. zol.
belly, stomach,Ish. Zb. der; W. dur.
below,Ish. vish; below it, pi bun; Zb. pa . . . vish. Cf."down".
big,see "great".
bile, gall,Ish. talkha.
bind, tie:Ish. he bound, vust; Zb. impve., wând.
birch,Ish. bruj; W. furz.
bird,Zb. parinda.
bit (horse's),Ish. dana; W. jaoji.
bitter,see "bad tasting."
black,Ish. shu; W. shu.
blind, a blind man,Ish. kur.
blood,Ish. wen; W. wukhan.
blue,Ish. kabut; W. savz.
blunt, stupid,Ish. leu, W. mug.
body,Ish. W. tána.
body, middle of the,see "waist".
bone,Ish. wastuk; W. yaic.
boot (rough, of untanned leather),Ish. kovd; W. shüshk.
bosom,Ish. cíci; W. bap.
both,Ish. arvádak.
bottom,Ish. bun, in pi bun, below it.
bow (to shoot with),Ish. ghulak; W. sambanak.
box,Ish. sandúq.
boy,Zb. zaman.
branch (of a tree),Ish. shokhcuk; W. sholkh.
bread,Ish. Zb. gâ'la; W. khoc; Sg. khésta. Cf. "food.
breakfast,see "midday meal".
breast,Ish. peshbar; W. puz; Zb. bar. Cf. "embrace. .
breathing-difficulty,see "height-sickness".
brick (piece of), clod (of earth),Ish. W. shölg.
bridge,Ish. yetik; W. skord.
bridle,Ish. lajam; W. yikhan.
bring:Ish. bring thou (impve.), izum; bring ye, izmuw; he took and came, i.e. he brought, zoghd aghad; Zb. bring ye (impve.), izemav.
broad, wide,Ish. pam; W. kshad.
brother,Ish. vrud; W. vrüt; Zb. warud.
bull,Ish. kuzuk; W. druksh; Zb. kezuk.
burnt, be:Zb. he was burnt, ted.
bush-harrow, rake,Ish. mâ'la; W. namarzg.
but,Zb. lekin.
butter,Ish. reghg; W. roghuna.
butterfly,Ish. parparanuk; W. pilpilak.
buy:thou boughtest, Zb. ned-e; see "grasp".






C
calf,Ish. shutur; W. shtur.
calf (female),Ish. wánits; W. raghum.
call, summon:Ish. call ye (impve.), wanuw; Zb. he called,qivd.
camel,Ish. W. kofán; W. köp.
camel's hump,Ish. kofán; W. köp.
canal, watercourse,Ish. dzubar; W. wad.
cap (tall, of sheepskin; Shaw, a skull-cap),Ish. kúla; W. skidh.
cat,Ish. W. pish; Zb. push.
cattle,Ish. mâl; Zb. carpahai. Cf. the next.
cattle (herd of),Ish. cara; W. cat. Cf. the preceding.
cave,Ish. ambi, yar.
cereals,see "provisions".
certainly,Zb. zalul.
cheek,Ish. peshúr; W. lunj.
cheese,Ish. idzgai (of sheep-milk); W. lindic, panir.
child, infant,Ish. Zb. zaman; W. zah; Zb. cut.
chimney,see "hearth".
chough,Ish. zaghcuk; W. svats.
claw, talon,Ish. cangal; W. cungál.
cliff,see "stone".
cloak, clothes,Ish. poshák; W. böt.
cloak, robe,Ish. vánji; Sg. vanjin; Zb. wanji.
clod,see "brick (piece of)".
cloth (coarse cotton),Ish. lata; W. cül.
cloth (bleached, coarse cotton),Ish. káni; W. kinei.
clothe (another person):Ish. clothing (verbal noun), pomutsuk; Zb.clothe ye, pumetsav.
cloud,Ish. gulbaduk; W. mur; Yz. varm.
cock,Zb. kercun Cf. "fowl".
cold (adj.),Ish. sard; W. sür.
collar (of a garment),Ish. ghol; W. gháragh.
collect: he collected,Zb. jam kal.
comb,Ish. shufún; W. nabúsm.
come:Ish. he came, aghad, ághad; they came,aghad-an; Zb. I come, isum; come thou (impve.), is; he came, aghad; he has come,isak.
come back,see "return."
command (subst.),Ish. hukm.
complete,Ish. lip; W. tigéi. Cf. "all".
conflagration,see "flame".
consoling, entreaty,Zb. dilasa.
consume: he consumed,Zb. kel kal.
conversation,Ish. gap.
cooking-pot, cauldron,Ish. cudan; W. deg.
corpse,Ish. muluk; W. murtai. Cf. "die".
cough,Ish. khofuk; W. kakh.
country,Zb. mulk.
cow,Ish. ghu; W. ghiu; Zb. ghui.
cradle,Ish. shuwin; W. gawâ'ra; Zb. shuen.
crooked,Ish. kaz; W. kard.
cubit,Ish. bazu; W. arat.
cultivator,Zb. dehqan.
curds,Ish. poi; W. pai.
cut (past part.),Zb. ket.
cymbal,see "musical instrument".
cypress,see "juniper".






D
dancing,Zb raqqasi.
daughter,Ish. udoghd; W. dhagd; Zb. shtâk, shtâkak, shtâ.
daughter-in-law,Ish. uznul; W. stakh.
dawn, morning,Ish. roz; W. rukhn; Yz. rokhnizit; at dawn, Ish. sahar.
dawn, daylight,Ish. raushan; W. rokhn; Yz. roshnahai.
day,Ish. roz; W. rawar; Yz. mith; Zb. mi.
daybreak,see "mourning".
debauchery,Zb. badmasti.
deer,Zb. zuwak.
desire:Ish. I desire, talápum, tilápum; thou desirest, talapi.
devil,Zb. shaitan.
die:Ish. he died, mul; Zb. I die, murum; die thou (impve.), mur; dead, mul.
dirt,Ish. cirk; W. rem.
dish (wooden),Ish. kasa; W. kubun.
distant,see "far".
divide:he divided, Zb. takhsim kal.
do,see "make".
dog,Ish. kud; W. shac; Zb. ked.
donkey,see "ass".
door,Ish. var W. bar; Zb. war.
door-plug,Ish. palu-var; W. dustak.
dove,see "pigeon".
down,Zb. vish. Cf. "below".
draw (water from a well):Zb. (impve. sg. 2), newar.
dry,Ish. kâk; W. wesk.
duck,Zb. murghavi.
dung,Ish. ghudarga; W. karau.
dust,see "earth".
dwell,see "sit".






E
each-other,Ish. ham-digar.
eagle,Ish. ákab; W. bispür.
ear,Ish. ghol; W. ghish; Zb. ghal.
earring,Ish. gosh-var.
earth, dust,Ish. shit; W. shit.
eat:Ish. eating, food (verbal noun), kharuk; I will eat, kharum; Zb. kharam, I eat; kharen, we eat; kharen, they eat; eat thou (impve.), khar.
egg,Ish. akik; W. tukh-murgh.
eight,Ish. ât; W. hat; Yz. hosht; Zb. ot.
elbow,Ish. bazu; W. barut.
eldest (of a family),Zb. kata.
eleven,Ish. yazda; W. dhas-iw.
embrace,bar. Cf. "breast".
emerge,see "go out".
enter:Ish. he entered, a-toghd; Zb. he entered, a-taghd.
entrails,Ish. récik; W. shíngar.
evening,Ish. vajer, vuzer; W. pürz; Yz. sham.
expenditure,Zb. kharc.
eye,Ish. Zb. tsâm; W. cözm.
eyebrow,Ish, vrits; W. vrao.
eyelid,Ish. patik; W. patak.






F
fall:Zb. it falleth (a share falling to a person),idawi.
family,Ish. mish-khesh; W. kesh.
famine,Zb. zandaki. Cf. "hungry".
far, distant,Ish. dir-shluk; W. dhir; Zb. dir.
fast (of a horse),Ish. dzistuk; W. rang.
father,Ish. tot, tat; W. tat; Zb. tât, tâ.
fault,Ish. guna.
fear (subst.):Ish. he feared, tras kul.
feast,Ish. watik; W. tui.
female,Ish. shüts; W. strei; Zb. shec.
fever,Ish. tab-larza; W. andaw.
few, a,Zb. kashtgah.
fifty,Zb. panjah.
find, obtain:Ish. (if) he find, áviri; find ye (impve.),áviraw; avul, he obtained; Zb. I find,awerum; I found, awal-am. Cf. "found".
finger,Ish. nirkhok; W. yangl.
finger-nail,Ish. ingituk; W. digö'r.
fire,Ish. róshni; W. rakhníg; Yz. yets; Zb.roshni.
fireplace,see "hearth".
fist,Ish. mut; W. möst.
fit, worthy, suitable,Zb. layiq.
fitting, proper,Zb. munasib.
five,Ish. Zb. punz; W. panz; Yz. pindz.
flame,Ish. mauj; W. rauj.
flame, conflagration,Ish. W. suz.
flay, kill:Ish. he flayed, kut.
flea,Ish. kayigh; W. spardhanj.
flee:Zb. he fled, just.
flour,Ish. uluk; W. yumj.
flower, sprout,Ish. gulok; W. spragh.
fly (subst.),Ish. pasha; W. maks.
foam,Ish. khafuk; W. khuf.
fold (of cloth),Ish. tar.
food,Zb. gâla, gâla-mâla. See "bread".
foolish,Ish. be-fam, nafam.
foot,Ish. pu; W. Zb. pud.
for,Ish. Zb. ba; Zb. khatir.
ford,Ish. guzar; W. türt.
forearm,Ish. vru; W. yurm.
forehead,Ish. pesháni; W. ruk.
found,Zb. yaf.
four,Ish. tsafur; W. tsabur; Yz. cer; Zb. tsafur.
fowl,Ish. kurcin; W. körk; Zb. kercun.
fox,Ish. urwes, úrwesak; W. nakhcir.
friend,Zb. hamrah.
frog,Ish. múkuduk; W. mukht.
from,Ish. Zb. tsa; Zb. from amoung (two), tsa . . . maben; from this, tsi; from him, tsu; from them, tsawend.
front,Ish. in front of, sar dzâ. Cf. "before".
frost (white),see "white frost".
fuel,Ish. yuz; W. ghuz.
full, replete,see "satisfied".
fur cap,Ish. talpak; W. pukúl.
fur robe,Ish. rusht; W. karast.






G
girl,Zb. shtâk. Cf. "daughter".
girth (of a saddle),Ish. tangish; W. taráng.
give:Ish. I will give, dayum; give thou (impve.),dai; he gave, dud; Zb. give thou (impve.),dai; thou gavest, dud-i; he gave, dud; he has given, dudak.
go, move to:Ish. go thou (impve.), shu.; he went, shud; they went, shud-an; Zb. I go, shom; he may go, shuai; walk thou (impve.), shu; he went,shud. Cf. "became".
go, walk, depart:Ish. he departed, toghd; they went, toghd-an.
go in,see "enter".
go out, emerge:Ish. he went out, nusht; Zb. he emerged,nashet.
goat,Ish. vuz; W. tugh (male, buc); Zb. wuz.
goat (small),see "kid".
God,Ish. khuda; Zb. khudai.
gold,Zb. tila.
good,Ish. fri, nek; W. baf; Zb. feri.
gorge,see "ravine".
grandchild (m. r f.),Ish. návus; W. nápus.
grandfather,Ish. bobo; W. pup.
grandmother,Ish. bibi; W. mum.
grasp, seize:Ish. he may grasp, nasu; he grasped, nad; Zb. take thou (impve.), nast; he took, he bought, ned; he has married (so and so),nadak.
grass,Ish. ush; W. wush.
graze:Zb. he is grazing (cattle), bi-carana; for grazing (infin. of purpose), carandani.
great, big,Ish. katta; W. lup; Zb. kata.
green,Ish. sabz.






H
hair (on the body),Ish. ghenuk; W. rip; Zb. seghund.
half,Zb. nim.
hand,Ish. dust, dust; W. Zb. dast.
hand, hollow of,see "hollow" and "handful".
handful (double), hollow of both hands,Ish. mut; W. muc.
handsome, beautiful,Zb. feri. Cf. "good".
hard,Ish. kullakh; W. tung.
hare,Ish. si; W. süi.
harlot,Zb. kancani.
hatchet,see "axe".
he, she, it, that:Ish. he, wa; that, wa, dir; his, wi, i; her, i; its, i; him, wan; it (acc.), wan; that (acc. subst.),wan; their, wev; they, -an; Zb. he she, it, that,ao, -a; him, her, it, yu, u, wo, wu, -a; his, her, its, yu; gen. abs. sg. yunan, yunen; they,awend; their awenda; theirs, awenden.
head,Ish. sur, sâr; W. sar; Zb. sor.
head (back of),Ish. cposht; W. tor.
hear:Ish. he heard, shud.
heart,Ish. avzuk; W. pazuw; Zb. auzuk, auzen.
hearth, fireplace, chimney,Ish. digdan; W. duldung.
heat,Ish. gármi; W. tâw.
heel,Ish. W. pashna.
height (of a mountain), a mountain height,Ish. vraza; W. vorz.
height-sickness (from rarefaction of air),W. sudhgha; Turki, tütak.
hem (of a garment),Ish. pásuzan; W. púrsits.
here,Zb. madak, see dak.
hidden treasure,Ish. khazina-i-ghaib.
high,Ish. wuzduk; W. wuc; Zb. weraz.
hill,Zb. alakh.
hillock,Ish. W. buk.
hip,Ish. shinj; W. shunj.
hoar frost,see "white frost".
hollow of te hand,Ish. kaf; W. pun.
hornless,Ish. W. kal.
horse,Ish. wrok; W. yash; Zb. verak.
horse-clothing,Ish. curgi.
hot,Yz. kash.
house,Ish. khân; W. khun; Zb. khân, khâ, khânavar.
how many? how much?, some,Ish. tsumánd; Zb. tsamend.
hump-backed,Ish. pok; W. puk.
hundred,Zb. sad.
hunger,Zb. zankaki. Cf. "famine".
hungry,Ish. zunduk, zunduk. Cf. "famine".
husband,Zb. mal.
husks (fodder),Zb. safaka.
hut (on the summer grazing-ground),Ish. kric; W. ktic.






I
I,Ish. az, -im, -um; to me, mum-ba; my, mun; Zb. I, az, -am, -em, -im; me, for me, mak, -am; to me, men-ba; my, men; mine, menen; we, mokh; us, our, moc; ours,mocen.
ibex,Ish. buc; W. yuksh.
if,Ish. agar, tse; Zb. ke.
in,Ish. dar, pa, po; ; in it, pi; Zb. in, ka, pa, pez; inside,pa . . . tag.
into,Ish. darun; Zb. ka, pa.
iron,Zb. shepon.
it,see "he".






J
jar, large cup,Ish. rakibi; W. pil.
jaw,Ish. álasha; W. zanákh.
journey,Ish. safar.
judge,Zb. qazi.
juniper (Shaw's cypress),Ish. arca; W. yarz.






K
keep thou (impve.),Zb. nigah kun.
kid, small goat,Ish. shtunuk; W. cögh; Zb. shatanak.
kill:Ish. I will kill, zanum.
kind:of whatever kind, Ish. tse rang.
king,Ish. pâdshâ, pâ'dshâ; of, or belonging to, a king, Ish. pâ'dshâ-na.
kiss,Zb. bah.
knee,Ish. zung; W. brin.
knife,Ish. kel; W. köz.
knot,Ish. gíre.






L
lad (strong),see "man".
ladder,Ish. shatu; W. vakhar.
lamb,Ish. waruk; W. wurk.
land,Zb. zamin.
large,see "great".
last: last year,Yz. par-wes.
leading (the act of),Ish. kutál.
leaf (of a tree),Ish. barg; W. palc.
lean,see "thin".
leg,Ish. tsiw-ling; W. löng.
light, lamp, candle,Ish. ciragh.
light:Ish. Light thou, set thou alight (impve.),pedin.
lighting,Ish. W. atishuk.
lip,Ish. lav; W. lafc.
listen, give ear:Ish. they listened, apukht-an.
little, small,Ish. cutokok; W. dzaklái; Zb. cut.
live, abide,see "sit".
liver,Ish. gola; W. woltuk.
load,Ish. vur; W. vür.
lock,Ish. ushkuz; W. úshik.
long,Ish. wuzduk; W. vorz.
longing,Zb. arman.
lose:Zb. he lost, apnit, aped.
louse,Ish. spul; W. shish.
low, not elevated,Ish. kalapo; W. past.
lucerne,Ish. ghurik; W. ujirk.






M
"macan,"see "shed".
mad,Ish. lev.
magpie,Ish. kévzuk; W. karjöps.
make, do:Ish. I will make, kunum; make thou (impve.),kün; he made, he did, kul, kul; thou madest,kúl-ut; they made, kul-an; Zb. to do, to make (infin.), kanak; I make, I do, kenam, kunam; we make, kunen; make thou (impve.), kun; I did, kal-im; he did, kal; they made, kal-en.
male,Ish. nark; W. ghösh; Zb. nar.
man,Ish. adam; men, adam; Zb. adam.
man,vir, a strong lad, Ish. muluk; W. dhai; Zb.mâlak.
manifest, ready for use,Ish. paidâ.
mantilla (woman's),Ish. pakol.
many,Zb. fai.
mare,Zb. baital.
marry,see "grasp".
marsh,see "well".
me,see "I".
meat, flesh,Ish. pudf; W. gosht.
merchant,Zb. bazargan.
merriment, rejoicing,Zb. khashwakhti, khushwakhti.
message,Zb. pegham.
midday,see "noon"; midday meal, breakfast, Ish.flâ'vuk; W. casht.
midst, middle,Ish. mabáin; W. malúng. Cf. "amongst".
milk,Ish. khum; W. zarz; milk (thick after calving), beestings milk, Ish. fílla; W. pikh.
mill, watermill,Ish. khudari; W. khudarg; the funnel-shaped feeder of a mill, Ish. kâ'suk; W. dur.
moon,Ish. ma W. mui, zumak; Yz. mast; Zb. ilmek.
moraine,see "place covered with stones".
morning,see "dawn"; early in the morning, before daybreak, Ish. tarikan; W. naghdin.
moth (that eats clothes),a woodworm, Ish. wuc; W. wic.
mother,Ish. nân; W. nan.
mother-in-law,Ish. khush; W. khash.
moustache,Ish. shabrut; W. burut-shapar.
mouth,Ish. futs; W. ghash; Zb. fots.
much,Zb. fai.
mud,see "quagmire".
musical instrument (of the cymbal kind),Ish. daf; W. dória.
"mussuk,"a goat-skin used for swimming, Ish. dets; W.dhâtsk; a small mussuk, Ish. kulvar; W.pitvar.
my,see "I".






N
name,Zb. nem.
narrow, tight.W. tang.
navel,Ish. W. naf.
near:Ish. near the king, pâdshâ dzâ; Zb. near,qarib, ja, ka . . . gal.
needle,Ish. shutun; W. sits.
needy, poor,Ish. shilakh
nephew,Ish. khir; W. khuryan.
nest,Ish. shab-gah; W. yotr.
net (for catching birds),Ish. halka.
new,Ish. nawuk; W. shöghd.
news., information,Ish. khabar.
night,Ish. shab, shab; W. naghd; Yz. shab; Zb. fershun.
nightmare, night-spectre,Ish. lew, vaghd.
nine,Ish. naw; W. nao; Yz. nu; Zb. nao.
no,Zb. ne, no.
noise, sound,awaz.
noon, midday,Ish. mai; W. madhür; Yz. mithmad.
nose,Ish. nits; W. mis; Zb. nits.
not,Ish. na, nus; Zb. na, n', nas; I am not, Zb. nast-em (-im).
now,Zb. psah.






O
O,Ish. ai (contemptuously), e (respectfully); Zb.eh (respectful).
obtain,see "find".
of, belonging to,Ish. -na; Zb. of, -e (izafat).
on, upon,Zb. ka, sar, ka . . . sar.
on to,Ish. tar.
on you be the peace,Ish. alaíkum as-salam.
one,Ish. wak, wok; W. ui; Yz. wogh; Zb. wok.
open:Ish. he opened, at kul.
ornament (on the person),Ish. marján; W. satk.
other,Ish. an; W. yan.
outside,Ish. var; W. vic.
ovis Poli,Ish. surkha; W. rish.
own:Ish. my own, thine own, his own, khe; from thine own, tskhe; Zb. own, khe., Cf. "self.






P
parched grain ground into meal,sattu, Ish. put; W. pöst.
partridge,Ish. ujirj; W. ckör.
pass:Ish. (time) passed, shukht; Zb. I passed over, shekht-am.
patch (in a garment),Ish. labad; W. pshin.
peace be on you,Ish. as-salam alaíkum.
pearls,Ish. durr.
perspiration, sweat,Ish. khair; W. khai.
physician,tabib.
piece,Ish. lav; (cut to) pieces, kandar.
pierce:Ish. pierce thou (impve.), kif; he pierced, kift.
pig (wild),Ish. Zb. khug; W. khüg.
pigeon, dove,Ish. kuwid; W. kibit.
pillow,Ish. misuk; W. khaval.
pitchfork,Ish. úshtevun; W. bun.
place,Ish. dzâ; Zb. ja.
place, put:Zb. he placed, nesht.
place covered with stones, moraine,Ish. ambol; W. shui.
plane-tree,Ish. cenâ'r, cenâr, cenár.
platform (for sleeping),Ish. rez; W. raz.
pleased,Ish. khush-wakht. Cf. "merriment".
plough,Ish. uspir; W. spundar.
pocket,Ish. W. jébak.
point, tip,Ish. nul; W. mis.
pool,Ish. kul; see also "well".
poor,see "needy".
posteriors, podex,Ish. kshin; W. sakshin.
precipice,Ish. parra; W. paryan.
prepare:Zb. thou preparest, gakha; he prepared, gakht.
price,Zb. qimat.
property,Zb. mal.
provisions, supplies, cereals,Ish. yau; W. zau; Zb. bakhsh.
put,see "strike", "place".
put on (clothes),see "clothe".






Q
quagmire, mud,Ish. govaz; W. shinap.
quail,Ish. worts; W. wolc.






R
rag,Ish. tuld; W. lok.
rain,Ish. urnaduk; W. vür.
rake,see "bush-harrow".
ram, male sheep,Ish. nark; W. ghösh-kala.
rat,Ish. pork; W. pürk.
raven,Ish. kurni; W. shönd.
ravine, gorge with stream,Ish. dir, kharaw; W. dhor, jiraw.
razor,Zb. tegh.
ready for use,see "manifest".
red,Ish. surkh; W. sökr.
refuse (subst.),Ish. ghazd; W. rapuk.
rejoicing,see "merriment".
remain:Ish. he remained, frin.
remaining over and above,Ish. fai; W. bösh; Zb. ziad. Cf. "much".
renewed, fresh,Ish. taza, táza, tâza.
return, come back: he returned,Zb. ghest.
rib,Ish. parak, ulekh; W. pürs.
ring (small),Ish. murdik; W. pörg; Zb. a ring,ciliak.
rise,see "arise".
road,Ish. shoval, shâwal; W.wadhuk; Zb. rah.
robe,see "cloak".
rock,see "stone".
rod, stick,Ish. ghufca; W. shöpk.
rope,Ish. vush; Zb. wash.
rubies,Ish. la'l.
rug,Ish. pálas; W. palas.
run:Zb. run thou, ghuz; he ran,ghuzd.
rupee,Zb. rupya.






S
sack,Ish. khurjin.
saddle,Ish. paling; W. póduna; Zb. zin.
safe, well,sihat. Cf. "well".
salt,Ish. námulghak; W. nimak.
sand,Ish. reg; W. lewarc.
satisfied, full,Zb. ser.
say:Ish. he said, ghezd; Zb. ghezum, I say;ghed, he said; gap ded, he said.
see:Zb. I see, vinum; he saw, vind.
seed (of a plant),Ish. teghm; W. taghm.
seize,see "grasp.
self,Ish. khadak, fak; your Honour, fak.
send:Zb. he may send, asti-a; he sent, astud, asto.
sense, consciousness,Zb. hush.
serpent, snake,Ish. voks; W. fuks.
servant,Zb. muzdur, naukar, yatim.
service,Zb. khizmat.
seven,Ish. Zb. uvd; W. hüb; Yz. hovd.
several, someIsh. cand, tsand.
sharp,Ish. tez; W. taghd.
shave:Zb. he shaved, tud.
she,see "he".
shed, "macan,"Ish. tsúrik; W. yâst.
sheep (full-grown, fat),Ish. farbi; W. pus; female sheep, ewe, Ish.mel; W. mai.
shelf, plank, wooden board,Ish. frun; W. rün.
shepherd,Zb. dokandar.
shift (woman's),Ish. sháwi; W. parhan.
shoe,Zb. kaush.
shopkeeper,Zb. dokandar.
shoulder,Ish. suvd; W. isp.
shovel,Ish. féi; W. péi.
shuttle (weaver's),Ish. netsa; W. rashpük.
silk,Ish. breshum.
silver,Zb. nuqra.
sing:Zb. to sing, ghezak.
singing (noun),Zb. saz.
sister,Ish. íkha; W. khüi; Zb. ikha.
sit:Ish. I will sit, nedum; sit thou (impve.), nid; he sat, núlust, nulust; he has sat down,nulustuk; Zb. he lives, dwells, nidai; sit thou (impve.), nid; he sat, he lived, nalast; he has sat down, he is seated, nalastak.
six,Ish. khol; W. shad; Yz. su: Zb. khal.
skin,Ish. kurust, korost; W. pist; goat-skin, see "mussuk".
skull,Ish. W. kapal.
sky,Ish. asman; W. ásman; Yz. asmin.
slave,Zb. ghulam.
sleeve (of a garment),Ish. zöl; W. dröst.
slender,see "thin".
slime (green on standing water),Ish. ghob-naduk; W. ghob.
sling,Ish. falakhmán.
small,see "little".
smear:Ish. he may smear, sâmbu; he smeared,sâmd, sâmbud.
smell (noun),Yz. bi.
smoke,Ish. dit; W. dhit; Yz. dhad.
snake,see "serpent".
snow,Ish. varf; W. zam; Roshani, ziniz.
soft,Ish. shilavz; W. shilat.
sole of the foot,Ish. pu-kaf; W. kaf.
so many,Zb. iqa.
some,see "several", "how much?", "few".
so much,Zb. zodund.
son,Ish. zas, zus; W. pötr; Zb. zat.
soot,Ish. shu-dit; W. shu-dhit.
sound,Ish. sada.
span (measure),Ish. vajab; W. avart.
spark,Ish. khorajik; W. kharádz.
sparrow,Ish. murghuk; W. míngas.
spinal cord,Ish. muk; W. mak.
spindle,Ish. ifc; W. tsütr.
spoon,Ish. kâfc; W. kapc.
spring (of water),Ish. ashik; W. yashk.
sprout,see "flower".
stand up,"arise".
star,Ish. struck; W. star; Yz. shtarak; Zb.sitara.
start, set forth:Ish. he started, rawân shud.
stick,see "rod.
stirrup,Ish. dákosha; W. tukum.
stomach,see "belly".
stone, rock, cliff,Ish. sung; W. ghar; Yz. ghrtsok.
strike, apply, to put:Ish. (if) he put, du; he put, applied, ded; Zb. strike thou, put thou (impve.), deh; put ye (impve.), dev; he struck, he knocked, ded; he said, gap ded; I have beaten him, dedak-am-a.
strong lad,see "man".
stupid,see "blunt".
summer,Yz. amang.
sun,Ish. remuz; W. ir; Yz. khvor; Zb. ormozd.
superfluous,see "remaining over and above".
supplies,see "provisions".
sweat,see "perspiration".
sweet,Ish. khazok; W. khuzg.






T
tail,Ish. dumb.
take:Ish. he takes, zânz; (if) he take, zânzu; take thou (impve.), zânz; he took, zoghd; Zb. he took,zaghd. See also "grasp".
take away:Ish. I shall take, ussum; he took away, wud.
tall,Zb. weraz; see "high".
tassel,Ish. túpak; W. pulk.
tear (from the eye),Ish. ashik; W. yashk.
ten,Ish. dah; W. dhas Yz. dhus; Zb. dos.
that,see "he".
that (conj.),Zb. ke.
then,Ish. ínga; Zb. ao wakht.
thence,Ish. tsa wadak, tswadak.
there,Ish. wadak; Zb. tada, woda, wuda. .
they,see "he".
thief,Ish. duzd; W. gudh (? ghud).
thigh,Ish. satkhan-maghzuk; W. malung-yaic.
thin, lean,W. khot.
this,Ish. nakavi; (adj.), nakwa; (acc. subst.), man; of these, their, miv; Zb. this, am; of this, ama.
thorn,Ish. kâ'ndak; W. zakh.
thou,Ish. tu, -at, -t; to thee, tu-ba; thy, tu; you (acc.), tamukh; to you, tamukh-ba; your Honour, fak; Zb. thou, to, e; sg. obl., to, ti; thy,ti; thine, tinen; you, tomokh; of you, tomokh; yours, tomokhen.
thousand,Zb. azar.
thread (of cotton),Ish. váse; W. úsai.
thread (of wool),Ish. ivduk.
three,Ish. rui; W. trui; Yz. tsoi; Zb. rai, ra
throat,Ish. ghâl; W. alk.
throne,Ish. takht.
tight,see "narrow".
till, until,Ish. .
time,Ish. Zb. wakht.
tip,see "point".
tired, weary,Ish. frinduk; W. warekhk.
to,Ish. ba, bâ; (motion towards), tar; Zb. ba, ka.
to-day,Ish. Zb. ner; W. udhg; Yz. nur.
to-morrow,Ish. aluzd; W. warok; Yz. afau.
tongue,Ish. zivukzik; Zb. zevuk.
tooth,Ish. dândl W. dünduk; Zb. dândak.
town, village,Ish. qúslaq; Zb. qishlaq. Cf. "city".
trading (noun),Zb. saudai.
treasure,Ish. khazina.
tree,Zb. darakht.
trouble:Ish. he made trouble, gave trouble, i.e. (politely) invited in, keu-kul.
trough,Ish. nâ'wa; W. püt-kharm.
trousers (wide outer),Ish. shawálak; W. shavalak.
trouser-band,Ish. wúlvush; W. pármeyung.
turban,Ish. W. salla.
turban (woman's),Ish. láta, cil.
twenty,Zb. wisht.
twig,Ish. vekh; W. zakh.
two,Ish. dau, do; W. bui; Yz. dhau; Zb. dov, do.






U
uncle (paternal),Ish. khuluk; W. bac; Zb. uncle, vuts.
under,Zb. pa . . .vish.
up,Zb. weraz.
upon,see "on".






V/ W
very,Zb. fai.
vessel (water-),Ish. ghúdara; W. lut.
village,Zb. qishlaq.
vizier,Ish. wazir; acc. pl., wazirâ'w; from the viziers, tsa wazirâw; to viziers, wazira-ba.
walnut,Ish. carmaz; W. tor.
waist, middle of the body,Ish. med; W. mad.
wasp,Ish. wazwusak; W. dhas.
water,Ish. wek, vek; W. yupk; Zb. wek, we.
watercourse,see "canal".
watermill,see "mill".
wealth,Zb. daulat.
wealthy,Zb. daulatdar.
weeping, lamentation,Zb. geryan.
well, pool, marsh,Ish. wek-togdok; W. cal; Zb. pa-ghao.
well, whole, in good health,Ish. sihat, siyat, taza; Zb. sihat.
well, thoroughly,Zb. khub.
well! very well! good! yes,Ish. khob.
wet, damp,Ish. shuhluk; W. khaic.
what,see "who?".
whatever,Zb. tsize.
whatever kind of,Ish. tse-rang.
wheat,Ish. ghundum; W. ghudim.
when,Zb. wakhte ke, ke. .
where?Ish. kum dzâ.
whetstone,Ish. vasin; W. pisun.
whey,Ish. núdukwek; W. doghav.
white,Ish. safed; W. rukhn; Zb. surkhun.
white frost, hoar frost,Ish. W. shak.
who (rel.),Ish. tse, tse; which (=if), tse; which, za; Zb. who, ke.
who?Ish. kudum; what? Ish. kum; (adj.), ciz; Zb. who? kai; what? tsiz, tsana.
whole,see "well".
why?Zb. tsiz-ba.
wide,see "broad".
wife,Ish. zanj; W. könd Zb. kuc.
willow,Ish. shurmok; W. tük.
wish:Zb. he wished, kimd.
with, together with,Zb. gal, ka . . . gal.
with, by means of,Zb. ka.
within,Ish. po . . . darun; from within (doors), tsa var.
wolf,Ish. urk; W. shapt.
woman (a young woman),Ish. shtok; W. purcad; Zb. a woman,wujinjâk; a girl, a daughter, shtâk.
woman's turban,see "turban".
wood,Ish. durk; W. shung.
wool,Ish. pâm; W. ghör.
word,Ish. Zb. gap.
worm,Ish. putsuk; W. pric. For "woodworm", see "moth".
worry,Zb. deqat.
worthy (of),Zb. layiq.
wrist,Ish. presht; W. par-sang.
year,Ish. W. Zb. sal; Yz. sauza; last year, Yz.par-wes.






Y
yes,Zb. bale.
yesterday,Ish. paruzd; W. yaz; Yz. biyer.
Wakhi Alphbet in Latain




wakhi children from pakistan


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